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National museum


Václavské náměstí 1700/68, 110 00 Praha-Praha 1, Česká republika
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This imposing building in Prague with a façade of more than 100 metres in length is located on the Wenceslas Square in the New Town. It was built in 1885-1890 according to plans by architect Josef Schulz in an area where the so-called Horse Gate used to stand.
The Museum as an institution was founded in 1818 by the Society of the Patriotic Museum in Bohemia, which also started publishing a museum magazine in 1827. The National Museum belongs amongst the top neo-Renaissance buildings of the second half of the 19th century.
Apart from objects of historical and natural history interest one of the most valuable parts of the museum is the library, which contains nearly one million books and precious medieval manuscripts.
The area surrounding the National Museum was redesigned in 1970 in connection with the construction of the underground station Muzeum. This station on the “C” line of the Prague underground is 283 metres long and 45 metres wide.